Project #79806 - The Effects of Cybercrime (Peer Reply posts)

Reply to 2 classmates threads. Matthew Becker and Danny Joyner Each reply must be at least 200 words with at least 1 citation. Responding to a classmate’s post requires both the addition of new ideas and analysis. A particular point made by the classmate must be addressed and built upon by your analysis in order to move the conversation forward

 

Matthew Becker

 

This student has discovered that there is not enough evidence to determine whether or not Internet pornography contributes to a reduction in sexual assault violations or provides an inflation of it.  “Unfortunately, little clarity has been achieved in the scientific literature, and definitive guidance is lacking for the clinical judgments that are required to understand and manage sexually aggressive behavior and paraphilia interests in the context of pornography use” (Fisher, Kohut, Gioacchino, & Fedoroff, 2013).

            If this learner were to ask to make a decision whether Internet pornography reduces or increases sexual assault, the choice would be in favor that pornography feeds the desire of the flesh and tempts the weak and criminally minded to pursue an act of sexual assault. “The possibility that sexually explicit materials may encourage the acquisition and incentivization of the sexual behaviors portrayed in such material—specifically sexually aggressive behaviors and child-oriented sexual behaviors—has motivated considerable research as Associations between frequent pornography consumption and sexually aggressive behaviors, among men at high dispositional risk for sexual aggression, have been reported” (Malamuth, Addison, & Koss, 2001).  This student believes that once material of sexual images enter the mind they will feed the nature of temptation and desires creating urges that can be uncontrollable to many. 

            The sad truth of cybercrime is that not only is it so easily accessible but also very addicting.  With all of today’s modern technology such as smart phones, wireless connection, computers, and a large variety of other methods to gain access to the Internet it is almost unavoidable to avoid erotic websites.  Parents allow their children at very young ages to use devices that with a touch of the finger can open links to various websites. 

            Sexual assault can be fed from the simple accessibility of pornography because once something as simple as a sexually explicit scene is visualized the mind and body can develop an addiction, lust, or craving for something more.  There are several doors of opportunity alone without the use of technological devices to gain access to pornography or cyber stalking.  “The studies on online sex offending show that most online offenders are persons who know their victims from offline contexts, like school or church, and that the dynamics of online and offline offenders are similar” (Wolak & Finkelhor, 2013).  Now imagine the increase of sexually explicit material provided over the globe.  There are several countries that allow human trafficking and child pornography and have no restrictions what so ever.  When images and videos are posted on the world wide web, it feeds to the perversion of society and opens a greater opportunity to hire sexual predators and distributors. 

 

Fisher, W., Kohut, T., Gioacchino, L., & Fedoroff, P. (2013). Pornography, Sex Crime, and Paraphilia.  Current Psychiatry Reports Curr Psychiatry Rep.

 

Malamuth N., Addison T., Koss M., (2001). Pornography and sexual aggression: are there reliable effects? Annu Rev Sex Res;11:26–91

 

Finkelhor, D. (2014), Commentary: Cause for alarm? Youth and Internet risk research – a commentary on Livingstone and Smith (2014). Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55: 655–658.

 

 

Danny Joyner

 

 

The FBI defines rape as the penetration no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim (Schmalleger, 2014).  Rape is viewed as an act of power and having dominant control over the victim.  Ironically the sexual pleasure received in the crime of rape is second to just having power over the victim.  Schmalleger rights that rape is based on two psychopathological perspectives: 1. Rape is the result of idiosyncratic mental disease; 2. It often includes an uncontrollable sexual impulse.  It is said that people who rape, possibly have also been raped as a child growing up and therefore as an adult they commit the same act.  When you look at child molestation a lot of the suspects have engaged in child pornography over the internet.  Child pornography is defined as a visual representation of any kind that depicts a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct that is obscene and that lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value (Schmalleger, 2014).  People use the internet for this because it is hard to trace.  But we do have cases where law enforcement have task force who solely are assigned to catch these people.  I have seen cases where a suspect thought they were talking to a young child.  They would try and solicit the made up person to send them nude pictures.  They would even go as far to setting up a meeting date.  In my jurisdiction we had a gentlemen to do this and of course when he showed up to meet this teenager, he met us instead.  This particular case involved no victim, but involved a truck driver who went out of his way by hundreds of miles with the hopes of having sex with a child.  This man was married with three children. 

            Serial killers who also rape their victims have fantasized about their crime through pornographic movies, internet, and personal experience (Miller, 2013).  These criminals also resource to give them ideas.  Looking at pornographic movies and internet feeds fuel to the fire for their desire to commit the crime of rape.  I feel that when they view porno on the internet or by movie that they are increasing that urge to act out on their fantasy.   They can’t control and be dominant over the internet.  What the internet does for them is gives them different ideas of how to control their victim.  In other words the internet is nothing more than the calm before the storm.  That storm can be as bad as they want it, depending on how long in between the buildup of actually committing the rape.  I also feel that the internet is a gateway for these criminals to act out on their fantasies on innocent people.  I don’t believe that looking at pornography lessons the tendencies to commit sexual assault.

  

References:

Miller, L., 2013. Serial killers: I. Subtypes, patterns, and motives. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19, 1-11.

Schmalleger, F. (2014). Criminology (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Subject Law
Due By (Pacific Time) 08/21/2015 10:00 am
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