Question 1 (90 marks)
Oprah Winfrey once famously said “The struggle of my life created empathy – I could relate to pain, being abandoned, having people not love me.” This suggests that real empathy for others emerges only when one has direct experience(s) of personal anguish as opposed to mere, indirect knowledge of the sufferings of others. Do you agree?
Design a research study that could help you draw some initial conclusions about whether empathy for others entails personally experiencing what others have experienced, or whether empathy can be taught through mere indirect, knowledge of the experiences of others. In addition, consider one personality trait that may be correlated with the ability to experience empathy.
Prepare a research proposal comprising the following sections to present your proposed study:
2. Literature Review
3. Hypotheses Development
References (5 marks)
The References section lists the full reference of all sources cited or referred to in your assignment.
• Refer to the referencing guide entitled “Guidance on Referencing in APA Format” (found under Additional Resources in MyUniSIM Blackboard L-group link).
• The heading “References” should be centred on the page.
• Present the reference list in alphabetical order.
• Do not number the reference items/entries.
• Observe the hanging indentation (i.e., if the reference goes on to a second line, the second line onwards must be indented).
• Use double line spacing.
• Note the correct order of information to be presented in each entry starting with the author’s surname, comma, followed by the author’s initials (note full stops, letter spacing, and commas where applicable especially if there is more than 1 author), year of publication in brackets, full stop, book title in italics (only the first word of the book title starts with a capital letter) or journal article title not in italics (only the first word of the article title starts with a capital letter), etc… (refer to the referencing guide).
There will be no awarding of 1, 2, or 3 marks.
5 marks: perfect in-text citations and reference list (minimum of 5 references cited)
4 marks: 1 or 2 minor stylistic or formatting errors (minimum of 5 references cited)
0 marks: fails to meet the above requirements
English competency (5 marks)
5 marks: Extremely well-written with no grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors
4 marks: Well-written with one or two grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors
3 marks: Fairly well-written but with a number of grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors
2 marks: Poorly written with grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors which affect coherence
0 - 1 mark: Badly written with serious grammatical/spelling/punctuation errors
Develop an understanding of the research process overview:
1. Review past research on “empathy” by searching for relevant books and academic articles on the topic. Useful sources of information include:
• SIM Library
• National Libraries
2. Evaluate what previous research has found, focusing particularly on findings related to your research question.
3. Design a research study to address the research question that you have constructed.
4. Write your research proposal using the following guidelines:
− The aim of the introduction section is to give the reader an overview of your proposed study.
− It should include the following elements: your definition of empathy, why it is important to study this topic, why it is important to ask the chosen research question, and how the research proposal is structured.
• Literature Review and Hypotheses Development.
− The aim of the literature review and hypotheses development section is to provide the reader with a background understanding of what other research on this topic has found in the past, and how that has led you to develop your hypotheses. This will help the reader to understand and evaluate the merit of your study in the context of existing knowledge, and to enable readers to know why you have chosen to test those hypotheses among all the other possible hypotheses that you can test.
− It should include a summary of how other research has defined empathy as well as past findings on antecedents or outcomes of empathy, depending on your research question.
− You should also state your hypotheses and describe how past research has led you to decide on these hypotheses.
− The purpose of the methodology section is to allow the reader to understand how you intend to conduct a scientific investigation into this topic.
− You should be able to demonstrate your knowledge of the various elements of research:
− This section should include a clear description of your intended sample (target population, sample characteristics, sample size, sampling method, etc) and the research method(s) you have chosen to answer your question. Be sure to explain why this method is suitable and appropriate for this investigation and describe in greater detail how you intend to go about collecting the data.
− Be as clear and detailed as possible, to the extent that you can pass it to someone else and he/she will be able to execute the study just based on what you have written.
|Due By (Pacific Time)||08/26/2015 10:00 pm|
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