Consider a common experience: visiting a foreign country. There we find people who speak a different language and whose customs are different from our own in some ways. Wouldn’t it be silly to criticize them for speaking a different language? And wouldn’t we probably think it quite wrong to criticize them for following different customs?
Relativism, though, is about values: another society’s values may differ from our own, because, according to relativism, values are products of the customs of a society. So consider two societies, ours and another’s. Suppose that one of our values is tolerance of the customs and values of other societies, but that intolerance of the customs and values of other societies is a value of the other society. If so, then we would think it is right to respect this difference, but they would not.
1. So from the point of view of relativism, the question is: when it comes to the value of tolerance, which of these two societies is right? Be sure to briefly explain your answer.
2. Relativism gives an answer to the question, is tolerance right or wrong? Socrates is not a relativist. He does not think that whether something is right or wrong, good or bad, just or unjust, is relative to cultures and societies. So how would Socrates go about trying to answer the question whether tolerance is right or wrong?
3. And what do you think? Do you think that whether something is right or wrong, good or bad, just or unjust, is relative to cultures and societies? In other words, do you agree with Protagoras or with Socrates?
|Due By (Pacific Time)
||09/07/2015 02:00 pm