Project #81760 - THE APOLOGY OF SOCRATES

Answer all questions, between 750-1000 words minimum:

           In Plato’s The Apology of Socrates, what did the oracle at Delphi say about Socrates?  How did Socrates initially react?  What did he then claim to discover about what the oracle meant, and how did he discover it?

            Socrates, famously, said “the unexamined life is not worth living” (page 39 of The Apology of Socrates).  How is his discussion of those who fear death, and how he claims to be different from them, an example of how he tried to live an examined life?  How is his discussion of those who fear death, and how he claims to be different from them, an example of what he says the oracle at Delphi meant?

            According to relativism, values are like customs: customs are what most people in a society do most of the time, and so values are what people most people in a society regard as right and wrong, good and bad, just and unjust, etc.  For Athens at the time of Socrates – according to Socrates – most people placed highest value on “wealth, reputation, and honors” (page 32).  Socrates criticized them for that.  But that meant that from the point of view of Athenian society and its values, and from the point of view of relativism, Socrates was wrong.

            So do you think that Socrates, because he disagreed with the dominant values of Athens, was wrong to criticize his fellow Athenians?

            Finally, from the point of view of relativism, if Socrates criticized another culture or society, one that he was not a part of – e.g., Spartan society or Persian society – would Socrates be wrong to criticize them?  And if our values are different from those espoused by Socrates, would Socrates be wrong to criticize us?  Please make sure to explain your answers.

Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 09/14/2015 02:00 pm
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