Project #82666 - Psychology

 

Write your response, thoughts and expertise to the following discussion: (20-50 words)

The first proposition that I found interesting pertained to behavioral psychology. The study from Bouchard and Lykken included information about human psychological differences and how genetics may very well play a part in it. It talked about how behaviorism may actually be inherited and not just learned. The behaviorism theory says that "all human behavior is controlled by environmental factors" (Clement, Portenga). They devised an experiment to test this hypothesis. The experiment involved the separation of monozygotic twins at birth, who share the same genetic makeup, and placing them into two totally different environments to see how they would come out. The results of the experiment revealed "genetic factors (or the "genome")to account for most of the variation in a remarkable variety of human characteristics" (Clement, Portenga). Even though the twins were raised in different environments as babies, they still had similarities as adults in psychology and personality. 

     The next proposition deals with a study from Hobson and McCarley, related to the reasoning behind dreaming. The idea from Sigmund Freud stuck out to me when he said he believed that "dreams are the expression of unconscious wishes for things that we are unable to have when we are awake" (Clement, Portenga). This resembled the same feelings that I had about dreaming also. Hobson and McCarley related dreaming to an interpretation of electrical impulses from the brain during REM sleep. They basically disagreed with Freud and said dreams come from stored memories mixed with neural activity. They proposed that the reason we forget our dreams is because of our brains suppressing chemicals that usually assist us with putting short term memories into long term, not because of repression, which is what Freud believed. This part of the study is still questionable to me because I seem to remember some of the more vivid dreams that I  have. 

     The last tenet was about Skinner and operant conditioning and when you exhibit any behavior it will be followed by a consequence. Reinforcers  give consequences that will repeat the behavior, while punishers are the things that will decrease the behavior. He goes on to discuss superstitions as it relates to operant conditioning and how superstitious behavior seems to have a reinforcing consequence, but in reality, it doesn't.  

Clement, C., Portenga, A. (n.d.). Famous Studies in Psychology: The History of Psychological Research. A Summary of Psychological Studies and Experiments Compiled from: Roger Hock's Forty Studies that Changed Psychology. Retrieved September 15, 2015 from file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Aja/My%20Documents/Downloads/FAMOUS_STUDIES_IN_PSYCH_HISTORY_OF_PSYCH_RESEARCH.pdf. 

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Due By (Pacific Time) 09/19/2015 12:00 am
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