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PLAGIARISM, PARAPHRASING & CITATION
What Is Plagiarism? It occurs when a writer deliberately uses someone else’s language, ideas, or other original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its source.
Most current discussions of plagiarism fail to distinguish between:
Submitting someone else’s text as one’s own or attempting to blur the line between one’s own ideas or words and those borrowed from another source, andCarelessly or inadequately citing ideas and words borrowed from another source.
IN-TEXT CITATIONS, THE BASICS
In-text quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source (less than 4 lines). They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. The original phrase must be put inside quotation marks.
In MLA style (used in the humanities), referring to the works of others in your text is done by using what's known as parenthetical citation.Immediately following a quotation from a source or a paraphrase of a source's ideas, you place the author's name followed by a space and the relevant page number(s).
The narrator explains that due to Mrs. Mallard’s fragile health, “great care was taken to break to her as gently as possible the news of her husband's death” (Chopin 1).
Tan’s narrator, Jing-mei, describes Mr. Chong’s mother as having “a peculiar smell, like a baby that had done something in its pants” (4).
Note I didn’t mention Tan’s name in my parenthetical citation as it was already mentioned in the sentence.
Your in-text citation will correspond with an entry in your Works Cited page, which, for the Tan citation above, will look like this:
Tan, Amy. “Two Kinds.” College of the Redwoods. 2012. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.
We'll review how to construct a Works Cited in the coming weeks, but right now it's important to know that parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.
A paraphrase is...
· Your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in YOUR OWN WORDS.
· A more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea.
Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because...
· It helps you control the temptation to quote too much.
· The mental work required for successful paraphrasing helps you to grasp the full meaning of the original idea or argument
It is crucial to remember that when you’re describing a specific incident or description from the story that you cite its page number, even though you’re using your own words.
ORIGINAL PASSAGE from Murakami’s short story “The 100% Perfect Girl”:
Maybe you have your own particular favorite type of girl—one with slim ankles, say, or big eyes, or graceful fingers, or you’re drawn for no good reason to girls who take their time with every meal. I have my own preferences, of course.
· A legitimate paraphrase:
The narrator addresses the reader, assuming that he, like the author, has certain traits he is attracted to in women, such as her facial features, build, or the way she eats (Murakami 123).
· A plagiarized version:
The narrator addresses the reader, assuming that he, like the author, has certain traits he is attracted to in women, such as slim ankles, orbig eyes, or graceful fingers (Murakami 123).
The underlined portions are taken straight from Murkami’s story and should appear in quotation marks.
©Partially borrowed from owl.english.purdue.edu
EXERCISE: Paraphrase each passage below. Be sure to keep true to the original facts and insights from the story, but put it in your own words. Be sure to mention the author’s last name either in your lead-in or within your citation. Remember page numbers should not have the “page” “pg.” before the number. For example: (Morrison 2).
1) From Fitzgerald’s “Winter Dreams” (Page 11): Eighteen months after he first met Judy Jones he became engaged to another girl. Her name was Irene Scheerer, and her father was one of the men who had always believed in Dexter. Irene was light-haired and sweet and honorable, and a little stout, and she had two suitors whom she pleasantly relinquished when Dexter formally asked her to marry him.
2) From Tan’s “Two Kinds” (Page 3): Mr. Chong, whom I secretly nicknamed Old Chong, was very strange, always tapping his fingers to the silent music of an invisible orchestra. He looked ancient in my eyes. He had lost most of the hair on the top of his head, and he wore thick glasses and had eyes that always looked tired. But he must have been younger than I thought, since he lived with his mother and was not yet married.
3) From Fitzgerald’s “Winter Dreams” (Page 18):The dream was gone. Something had been taken from him. In a sort of panic he pushed the palms of his hands into his eyes and tried to bring up a picture of the waters lapping on Sherry Island and the moonlit veranda, and gingham on the golf-links and the dry sun and the gold color of her neck's soft down. And her mouth damp to his kisses and her eyes plaintive with melancholy and her freshness like new fine linen in the morning. Why, these things were no longer in the world! They had existed and they existed no longer.
4) From Morrison’s “Recitatif” (Page 1):
My mother danced all night and Roberta's was sick. That's why we were taken to St. Bonny's. People want to put their arms around you when you tell them you were in a shelter, but it really wasn't bad. No big long room with one hundred beds like Bellevue. There were four to a room, and when Roberta and me came, there was a shortage of state kids, so we were the only ones assigned to 406 and could go from bed to bed if we wanted to.
|Due By (Pacific Time)||09/27/2015 11:18 pm|
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