Project #84408 - Psychology discussion

Personality begins to develop in early childhood. Describe the nature of "attachment" in early childhood and its importance. What other concept in the Thompson (2014) reading held interest for you? Explain

Compare and contrast the theoretical perspectives of Maslow and Rogers.

In the Rogerian model, how does empathy facilitate behavioral change? Explain.

 

http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/maslows/#.VguDVhNVikp

 

http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/rogers/#.VguDnRNVikp 

 

PLEASE REFERENCE LINKS OR I WILL FAIL

 

 

 

Respond to 2 students:

 

1. Personality begins to develop in early childhood. Describe the nature of "attachment" in early childhood and its importance. What other concept in the Thompson (2014) reading held interest for you? Explain

Infants and children develop different types of attachments to parents or caregivers. A secure attachment occurs when parents respond to the infant’s every need almost immediately, providing a sense of security to the child that his needs will always be met (Thompson, 2014). An insecure attachment occurs when parents provide inconsistent care or are neglectful, resulting in children’s behavior becoming avoidant, resistant, and disorganized (Thompson, 2014). Children who grow up experiencing a secure attachment with a caregiver are more confident, build better friendships, develop emotional understanding, and positive self-esteem (Thompson, 2014). Children who grow up with an insecure attachment may have difficulty in school, forming friendships, may be insecure, and may make poor behavioral decisions later in life.

Another concept that interested me was that of peer relationships. It is interesting to read about how social interaction can so significantly affect a child. Thompson (2014) states that children who interact with their peers can build social skills, learn to manage conflict, learn coordination, and teamwork. It is well-known that parent-child relationships are important for optimal child development. It is interesting to note how much peer relationships and interactions also impact child development.

Compare and contrast the theoretical perspectives of Maslow and Rogers.

Rogers views people as basically good (Boeree, 2006). His theory is built on the actualizing tendency, or the struggle people go through to make the best life possible for themselves (Boeree, 2006). Rogers describes people as fully-functioning, describing different parts of a healthy person (Boeree, 2006). Maslow also looked at people as a whole, rather than many different moving parts (Module 4: Humanistic Approach, 2015). Maslow’s theory states that people are essentially made up of a set of values that are good and beautiful (Module 4: Humanistic Approach, 2015). Both individuals look at the whole person and both see an underlying good. Rogers’ theory involves all living creatures but Maslow’s does not (Boeree, 2006). Another difference between the two is that Maslow’s theory is a hierarchy but Rogers does not have one (Module 4: Humanistic Approach, 2015). Maslow was a theorist while Rogers was a therapist (Heffner, 2015). Rogers’ being a therapist helped him come into the whole person approach (Heffner, 2015). Maslow’s theory says that we have certain needs that must be fulfilled in a certain order, from bottom to top of the pyramid; these are physiological needs, safety, love, self-esteem, and self-actualization (Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, 2015).

In the Rogerian model, how does empathy facilitate behavioral change? Explain.

Empathy was one of three main requirements Rogers’ thought all therapists should have (Boeree, 2006). He thought that if a therapist was able to empathize with a patient, and show that empathy, the patient would improve (Boeree, 2006). To Rogers, therapy was a relationship with a patient in which the therapists’ mental health nurtured that of the patients’ (Self-Assessment: Humanistic Approach, 2015). Empathy can help a patient to realize they are not alone in feeling the way they do. Rogers believed the therapist was responsible for helping patients to understand this.

 

 

2. Personality begins to develop in early childhood. Describe the nature of "attachment" in early childhood and its importance.

The nature of attachment and how it intertwines with early childhood personality stems from the emotional secure or insecure responses that a child shows to their caregiver (Thompson, 2014). In laboratories researchers use an assessment called “Strange Situation” to address how an infant reacts to a caregiver after a brief separation (Thompson, 2014). The emotional secure or insecure response, develops an attachment, or no attachment, is important in the development of the bond that a child and a caregiver shares.

What other concept in the Thompson (2014) reading held interest for you? Explain

Social referencing was interesting to read about. I’ve not noticed this reaction in my 8 month little girl, but it’s interesting to know that she may react differently to a stranger pending how my wife reacts to the person whether their a stranger or not to my wife. I wonder does this theory hold true to familiar faces that a child often see (me and her brother)? It’s not secret in this house who is the favorite (I’m a little jealous, but I know the attachment mother and child have is different from any other form of attachment). I know in the reading it says “unfamiliar person or situation” but I wonder what if the face is familiar? My daughter turns her head when anyone looks at her. (Thompson, 2014).

Compare and contrast the theoretical perspectives of Maslow and Rogers.

In comparing the perspectives, I think Maslow and Rogers both believed that in order for a person (not the therapist) to help themselves, the person has to identify their current mental state of being. Maslow accomplished this by illustrating his Hierarchy of needs. A person needed to identify where on the pyramid they saw themselves being affected the most mentally (Module 4: Humanistic Approach). In comparison, Rogers did this by reflecting the client’s emotional thoughts and feeling back to them (Heffner, n.d.). This allowed the client to identify their immediate irrational thoughts. I think these perspective compare in this manner, because when a person presents with an issue they may be struggling to move up to the next step (this goes for both perspectives). By reflecting and identifying an irrational thought, the hope is to facilitate self-awareness and self-actualization (Self-Assessment: Humanistic Approach).

In contrast, as pointed out in the reading, Maslow was a theorist and Rogers was more of a therapist (Heffner, 2015). The term “actualizing tendency” (the desire or drive in every living thing to maximize their innate potential) Rogers used to refer to all living things. Maslow, on the other hand would say this only applies to humans. Also unlike Rogers, Maslow Hierarchy of needs are arrange in order of what must be achieved first, from bottom to top, in order to move up the pyramid (Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, n.d.).

Maslow said that we need to fulfill in a specific order (physiological; safety; (basic) love; (social) esteem (respect) self-actualization (potential)

In the Rogerian model, how does empathy facilitate behavioral change? Explain.

Empathy facilitates behavior change because a person is able to understand another’s perspective about a situation. If we’re able to understand the motives or intentions of the person we’re communicating with, a preconceived thought coupled with erratic behavior, has the potential to transition into logical reasoning and acceptable behavior. The aim is not to be egocentric (focus on things that matter to you and only you) and take into account another person perspective (Boeree, 2006).

 

Subject English
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/02/2015 12:00 am
Report DMCA
TutorRating
pallavi

Chat Now!

out of 1971 reviews
More..
amosmm

Chat Now!

out of 766 reviews
More..
PhyzKyd

Chat Now!

out of 1164 reviews
More..
rajdeep77

Chat Now!

out of 721 reviews
More..
sctys

Chat Now!

out of 1600 reviews
More..
sharadgreen

Chat Now!

out of 770 reviews
More..
topnotcher

Chat Now!

out of 766 reviews
More..
XXXIAO

Chat Now!

out of 680 reviews
More..
All Rights Reserved. Copyright by AceMyHW.com - Copyright Policy