Overview and Instructions: The following essay prompts stem from the readings and discussion questions we’ve studied so far in class. In a separate word document please answer each question in essay form. There is no minimum or maximum word court required but do see that you are answering each question completely and concisely. When citing course material indicate so in parenthesis. You should not need to reference sources outside of our course materials; however, if you do choose to reference an outside source, make sure you cite the source correctly. You may use any citation style as long as it is used uniformly. (I’ll say again though, you really shouldn’t need outside sources to do well on this exam) Each question is worth 34 points, 136 points total. Please submit your answers to me by email no later than midnight, Sunday October 4, 2015
1. Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” In your reflection papers the first week of class I asked you to describe Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave.” For this essay question I would like you to extend upon those thoughts and discuss how the allegory compares to society today or to your own life. If you don’t believe the allegory relates to you or society today you may discuss that perspective instead. Please reference the reading materials in your answer.
2. The Ethics of Plato and Aristotle Plato and Aristotle both speak about what it means to live a good life. Please discuss and give examples of Plato’s ethics, including how he sees humankind and how one attains happiness or what he calls “the good.” Please also discuss and give examples of Aristotle’s ethics. Make sure to specifically reference and explain what Aristotle means by virtue. Lastly, compare how the ethics of Plato and Aristotle are similar and dissimilar.
3. Rationality v. Pleasure A common theme in our readings so far is the discussion of how pleasure should influence our decision-making. Summarize how Plato, Aristotle, and Epicurus consider pleasure and how it applies to happiness.
4. Your Perspectives on Ethics Our readings to date are some of the oldest writings on ethical thinking and decision-making. Despite the age of these writings, they contain ethical questions we still ponder today. Considering your own perspectives and understanding of the course materials so far, which philosopher or ethical theory strikes you as the most reasonable or practical? Conversely, which do you find the most troublesome or unrealistic? Support your arguments with your own examples and by referencing the course materials.
|Due By (Pacific Time)
||10/04/2015 11:00 pm