I need these questions answered. It's all multiple choice. Psychology on Infancy and Childhood.
1. Nature is to nurture as _ is to _
2. Steven and Joe are very bad roommates. Steven is incredibly disorganized and messy while Joe is compulsive in his work and insists that the room be completely tidy at all times. According to Freud, it is possible that both Steven and Joe are fixated at the _ stage.
3. The Curtis family is made up of mom and dad, 8-year-old Susan, 5-year-old Grant, and the identical twins Christopher and Carson. In regard to genetic make-up, Christopher is most similar to his:
4. You are reading an article in a popular magazine. The article is on gender roles. As you read, you notice a statement that doesn’t seem to be correct. Which is the incorrect statement?
Gender role is learned according to the social learning theory.
There are rules and knowledge about what are inappropriate gender behaviors.
Parents seldom reward children for their behaviors when they match traditional gender roles.
The cognitive development theory argues that children play an active role in their own gender role development.
5. Martha tries to join school wrestling team. Her behavior is contrary to the typical female:
6. If you give a child in concrete operations some trail mix and ask her to group the parts that make it up, what would happen?
She would be able to classify the parts according to two categories (size, color)
She would be able to classify the parts in size OR color, but not both
She would be confused by how trial mix is made up of parts
She would be able to perform conservation on the parts.
7. “They’ll all laugh at me,” says Mindy, a 13-year-old, after discovering a large pimple on her nose. Mindy’s comment best illustrates a characteristic know as:
The imaginary audience
The personal fable
8. Garrison is an infant with a fearful temperament. His parents know that his temperament can change if:
He can interact with children his own age
Garrison is allowed to express his fear
They seek professional help
They can provide consistent support
9. The effects of fetal alcohol syndrome:
Continue into adolescence and adulthood
Are less severe than fetal alcohol effect
Tend to lessen in adulthood
Are reduced by vitamin therapy
10.Bryan is born with Down syndrome. If we could look at chromosomes, we would find that:
Some of the chromosomes would be missing
There was an extra 21st chromosome instead of the normal one
There was some measurable damage or abnormality in each chromosome pair
His chromosomes were normal; Down syndrome is caused by an oxygen deficiency at birth
11.Research has found that prenatal exposure to cocaine is related to:
Lower IQ scores
Fetal growth deficiencies
12.The idea of gender schema is important for the _ theory
13.“I don’t know what I want to be. Whatever it is, I know I’ll have to grow up some.” According to Erikson, this individual is experiencing:
Identity vs. role confusion
Industry vs. inferiority
14.“Boys will be boys and girls will be girls. Parents reward their children whenever they behave like they’re supposed to. “ This statement reflects which theory of gender roles?
Social role theory
Parent modeling model
15.______ refers to seeing and thinking of the world from your own viewpoint and having difficulty appreciating another’s viewpoint.
16.Module Seventeen describes how courts have now begun to award custody of children to adoptive parents rather than to biological parents. This illustrates:
The danger that adoptive parents will not love children as much as birth parents
The mischief that arises when developmental psychologists are brought in
A tragic failure of the foster parent program
A real-life application of the nature-nurture question
17.A friend with 3-year-old child has decided to try to accelerate the child’s cognitive development by teaching him how to conserve and handle hypothetical problems. The friend’s attempts are:
A waste of time since the child will not develop faster than the Piagetian stages dictate
Potentially harmful to the child’s self-esteem and psychological well-being
Going to work only if she is a skilled teacher of preschoolers
Plausible because preoperational children have been able to do such problems after simplification of instructions
18.The visual cliff allowed Gibson and Walk to study:
The proximodistal principle
Preference for complex patterns
19.Heavy drinking during pregnancy can result in:
Chromosomal damage to the fetus
High levels of arousal in the newborn
Fetal alcohol syndrome
A newborn with a large appetite
20.According to Module Seventeen, a three-year-old child who is rated in seeking stimulation will:
Develop a fearful temperament later in life
Score lower IQ scores than children rated low in stimulation seeking
Score higher IQ scores than children rated low in stimulation seeking
Develop a fearless temperament later in life
21.Twelve-year-old Katelyn has started thinking more and more about boys. In which stage is Katelyn most likely?
22.According to Erikson, the first major task of the child is to:
Develop basic trust
Form an intimate attachment with another person
Become independent of the principal caretaker
Overcome natural feelings of shame
23.Based upon research, much attention was given to the effects of cocaine on prenatal development. But, according to your textbook, the effects may have been more due to:
Multiple drug use
Age of mother
24.A less severe form of fetal alcohol syndrome is called:
Fetal alcohol effect
Fetal alcohol dysfunction
Alcohol-related prenatal effect
Alcohol toxin effect
25.Form a cognitive developmental perspective, why do teenagers often engage in risky behavior?
The personal fable
26.Kerry is talking to his grandfather about Kerry’s father and says: “He can’t be your son because he is my father!” This inability to see a situation from person’s point of view called:
27.Compared to a control group, children whose mothers smoked during their prenatal development had:
Increased risk for SIDs
Poorly developed brains
Smaller than normal head size
28.Prodigies demonstrate the interaction between:
Developmental psychology and music
Biology and genetics
Art and social science
Genetic and learned influences
29.According to Kagan, what percentage of children retained their inhibited temperament from the ages of 21 months to 7 years?
30.Given that more courts are awarding to adoptive parents rather than biological parents, there is a growing realization that:
Adoptive parents often hire better lawyers than biological parents
Income and education level of parents needs to be considered
Nature is important
Nurture is important
|Due By (Pacific Time)||07/02/2013 12:00 am|
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