Project #8614 - Modern history

Question 1   5 marks

Correctly sequence the following events. Use only the letters and begin your time-line from the earliest to the most recent event.

A.           Russia and the Central Powers sign the Treaty of Brest Litovsk

B.            The Armistice is declared

C.            Germans issue a peace note suggesting a compromise peace

D.           Battle of Verdun begins

E.            Tanks used for the first time

F.             Zimmerman note released to the press by the State Department

G.           Battle of the Aisne (and thus trench-warfare) begins

H.           Britain announces a blockade of German ports

I.              Germans launch the ‘Spring Offensive’

J.              Battle of the Somme begins

K.           Wilson’s US Cabinet votes unanimously for war

L.            Ludendorff declares Aug. 8th a ‘black day’ for the German army

M.          M   Gas used for the first time


Earliest event_________________________________________________________


Question 2   10 marks

Include as much detail and be as specific as space allows.

1     Give three reasons why the Germans launched their Spring Offensive in early 1918.

(a)   __________________________________________________________________

(b)   __________________________________________________________________

(c)   __________________________________________________________________

2     Give three reasons why the German Spring Offensive failed.

(a)   __________________________________________________________________

(b)   __________________________________________________________________

(c)   __________________________________________________________________

3     List two reasons the US entry into the war assisted the Allied counter offensive

(a)   __________________________________________________________________

(b)   __________________________________________________________________

4     List two reasons other than US entry why the Allied counter-offensive in 1918 succeeded.

(a)   __________________________________________________________________

(b)   __________________________________________________________________


Question 3   Total 10 marks

The entry of the USA into the war in 1917, the Russian withdrawal, the Spring Offensive and the Allied response in 1918 are all considered by historians to be significant turning points in the war.

The end of fighting on the Eastern Front freed up fifty-two German divisions, men whom Ludendorff then used in his great offensive of March 1918 on the Western Front. The punitive nature of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, however, was such that Germany was forced to keep men in the east to maintain control, and the battle weary Germans sent to the Western Front were given no leave before being sent again into battle. Their poor morale proving damaging to the German armies in the west, once the impetus of the offensive slowed. The withdrawal of Russia from the war was therefore not as damaging to the Allied military position as was first anticipated.’

Anne McCallum (2003) Evidence of War : Studying the First World War through Sources. 2nd. edit. Heinemann Pt. Melb. P.99.

a)    Using your own knowledge explain what caused Russia to withdraw from the war?     (3 marks)



b)    Using the source and your own knowledge explain the extent to which Russia’s withdrawal   impacted on events on the Western Front?                                                                    (7 marks)





Question 4   3 marks

Place the correct items under the appropriate headings below.



Prime Minister

Great Britain



·           Security against any future invasion and for Germany to pay for the entire war.

·           A fair and just peace and an organisation with the capability to prevent future wars.


·           Germany to ‘pay’ but also a reasonable settlement that wouldn’t bankrupt Germany.




What they wanted from the peace settlement

George Clemenceau





Lloyd George





Woodrow Wilson







Question 5   Total 10 marks

Reasons for the Allied victory and the German collapse

1     World War I quickly developed into a war of attrition which means that both sides were trying to exhaust the other so that it ran out of sufficient soldiers and resources before they did. 

       Using the information that you have read in Part 5, list the advantages that the Allies had that help explain why they won this type of war in World War I.                                                           2 Marks







2     Summarise in point form the main reasons why the Allies won World War I and the Germans lost?  8 Marks










Question 6   (Total 12 Marks)

Source A

On the 5th August 1914 W T Coyler wrote:

Would they invade us, I wondered. By George! If they should, they’d find us a tougher nut to crack than they expected. My bosom swelled and I clenched my fist. I wished to goodness I were in the Army. I felt restless, excited, eager to do something desperate for the cause of England.  And then the impulse came, sending the blood tingling all over my body: why not join the Army now? A great and glorious suggestion. It might not be too late

Quoted in Malcolm Brown, 1978, Tommy Goes to War, J M Dent and Sons, p 16.

Source B

In a letter which was published in the British newspapers in 1917, the English poet Sassoon wrote it was his belief that;

… this war, which I entered as a war of defence and liberation, has now become a war of aggression and conquest… I have seen and endured the suffering of the troops, and I can no longer be a party to prolong these sufferings for ends which I believe to be evil and unjust. I am not protesting against the conduct of the war, but against the political errors and insincerities for which the fighting men are being sacrificed. On behalf of those who are suffering now I make this protest against the deception being practised on them; also I believe that I may help to destroy the callous complacence with which the majority of those at home regard the continuance of agonies which they do not share, and which they have not sufficient imagination to realise.

Quoted in Martin Gilbert (1995) First World War, HarperCollins.


(a)   (i)    Using Source A identify three ways the writer indicates his patriotism (1.5 marks)




 (ii)  Using Source B list four reasons which have prompted the writer to 2 protest. (2 marks)




(iii)  Using Sources A and B indicate which of the writers has experienced military service at the time of writing. (0.5 marks)



(b)   Using Sources A and B and your own knowledge explain why soldiers’ and civilians’ attitudes to the war changed between 1914 and 1918.                                                                                       Marks 8


i need at least 50% at best nothing lower , message me any questions





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