These questions will help us to synthesize critical information from Chapter 2 of Flowers.
1-How does Flowers define “establishment”? Why was it assumed to be good at the time it was prevalent?
2-What principle resulted from the Peace of Westphalia? Was it transported to the New World?
3-What does Flowers mean by the term pluralism? Flowers notes on page 13 that Rhode Island and Pennsylvaniawere successful laboratory schools of religious pluralism. Think back to last week. What two religious groups is he referring to? What does he mean that they were “successful laboratory schools of religious pluralism?
How did pluralism then contribution to the eventual separation of church and state according to Flowers?
4-What other factors contributed to disestablishment, according to Flowers?
5-What happened in Virginia in 1784 when a taxation bill was introduced in the legislature intended for the support of the Christian religion?
6-Where is the one place in the Constitution that religion is mentioned?
7-Why was the Bill of Rights drawn up by the founders?
8-What two rights are protected by the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?
9-What did the founders believe about the issue of religion at the state level?
10-What effect did the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment have on states’ responsibilities to preserve the liberties of their citizens?
11-How did the Fourteenth Amendment affect the Establishment and Free Exercise Clauses of the First Amendment?
Marsden reading: Treasure Hunt for Factors that Contributed to the American Revolution
Maybe this is just MY problem, but I find Marsden’s organization hard to follow. On pp. 38-54 of Chapter 2, he writes about the religious factors and nonreligious factors that contributed to the American Revolution. The information seems scattered to me and he sometimes repeats himself. Allowing for the possibility that you had problems with his organization too, I thought we’d go on a treasure hunt together to find these reasons, to define them, and identify where this information is in the chapter. The religious reasons for the Revolution are important and often overlooked in the study of this time. But we’ll also make note of the nonreligious reasons he gives for the Revolution. The combination of the two not only contributed to the climate that lead to revolution, they also shaped American culture. Exercise 1 will explain how we’ll proceed in our “treasure hunt”.
Flowers reading: Chapter 2, Background of Constitutional Principles
Flowers reading: Introduction and Chapter 1
Flowers introduction is interesting reading because he explains why he thinks the book is necessary and his reasons for updating it with this second edition. He also explains why he is a strict separatist in his view of church-state relationships. Also, please note his comments in the last paragraph of page x about his use of the terms “church” and “state”.
Chapter 1 broadly covers many historical events that we’ve already read about in Marsden. But Flowers is viewing these events from the perspective of the relationship between church and state. He also gives us valuable information about how and why the framers of the Constitution attempted to protect religion from the influence of government. Bear in mind that these statesmen were well-aware of the problems that arose when church and state were not separated.
|Due By (Pacific Time)
||10/23/2015 12:00 am