Project #87429 - region in America exercise 5

Exercises

 

Early church view on war before and After St. Augustine

 

1-What is the contrast Marsden notes between the early Christian view of war (when Christians were "outsiders") and St. Augustine's view after the Christian church became the official church?  (See page 184)

 

 

Marsden – pp.183-185 Mainline Protestant View of War and Peace

 

2-What strikes you as significant in Marsden's information on the mainline Protestant view of war and peace? What was the dilemma that world peace activists faced prior to World War I?

Please provide page numbers for your responses.

 

3-What argument convinced the peace advocates to support WWI? Has this arguement been used in your life time to justify war?

Please provide page numbers for your responses.

 

4-- What was the temporary effect of the war on the relationship between insiders and outsiders in America?  Please provide page numbers for your responses.

 

Marsden, Chapter 6

 

5- What happened right before World War II to change many Protestant leaders’ commitment to lasting peace ?  What did American church leaders come to see as America’s mission?  What paradoxes emerged about fighting a war for just cause? 

 

6-Select a Post WWII Topic:  Select a topic from Chapter 6 that interests you and comment on it.  Use the headings in the Chapter such as “The Postwar Revival,” “Billy Graham,” ”Pentecostal Healing,” “Jewish Identity,” “Catholics into the Mainstream,” “Secularism,” and “Civil Rights” in the subject line of your posting so that we know what section of the chapter you are commenting on.

 

 

Flowers:  War-related cases about conscientious objectors – I will post a thread for each of these cases in the Discussion Forum.

 

 

Conscientious Objectors

 

  1. Flowers United States v. Schwimme

 

What was the issue in this case?  How did the Court rule?  Please provide page numbers for your responses.

 

  1. Flowers United States v. MacIntosh

 

What happened in this case and United States v. Bland, a similar case?  Please provide page numbers for your responses.

 

  1. Girouard v. United States

 

How was this case different from the previous cases related to the naturalization of conscientious objectors?

Please provide page numbers for your comments.

 

  1. Flowers Citizen Conscientious Objectors pp. 62-63

 

What provisions has Congress made for conscientious objectors starting with the Civil War?

 

  1. Flowers United States v. Seeger - The Issues

 

What were the issues in this case?  Please provide page numbers for your responses.

 

  1. Flowers Welsh v. United States

 

What was significant about this case?

 

  1. Gillett v. United States

 

What was the issue in this case?  Why was it important?

 

 

Readings

 

Marsden :  Chapter 5, Traditonal Religion and 20th Century American Culture, read page 183 (starting with the section entitled War and Peace) through  page 191.

 

Marsden: Chapter 6, Return Faith and Quest for Consensus:  1941-1963.

 

Flowers war-related cases about conscientious objectors, pp. 58-67.

 

Overview

 

The topics we will explore in the reading from Chapter 5 include the persistent influence of the early church view of war and the particular conflict that created throughout American history for mainline Protestant churches in America.  We’ll consider the dilemma that world peace activists faced prior to World War I and the effect of the war on the relationship between insiders and outsiders.

 

In Chapter 6, Marsden writes:  “Between the world wars, many of America’s Protestant leaders thought they had learned an important lesson about religion and culture.  They endorsed the American cause in the First World War, sometimes with extravagant enthusiasm, only to find out afterward that they had been taken in by wartime propaganda.  Looking back, it was difficult to see the war as the forces of light versus those of darkness.  They, therefore, organized for lasting peace” (page 218).  What happened right before World War II to change this view?  What did American church leaders come to see as America’s mission?  What paradoxes emerged about fighting a war for just cause?  Chapter 6 also gives us the basis for discussion of changes in American society after World War II.

 

Our reading from Flowers focuses on conscientious objector cases that reflect how the Supreme Court’s rulings changed over time not only because of changes to the Court but because of changes in American society and religion.

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Due By (Pacific Time) 10/23/2015 12:00 am
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