Project #87625 - Wk3.

PLEASE PUT ALL REFERENCES UNDER EACH QUESTION THAT IS ANSWERED…NOT ALL AT THE END! THANK YOU!!

Discussion:

Chapters 4 and 5 in Philosophy of Religion Online Textbook
Source: http://www.qcc.cuny.edusocial/sciences/ppecorino/phil_of_religion_text/ - (Chapter 4) 
Source: http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/socialsciences/ppecorino/phil_of_religion_text/ - (Chapter 5)

Thomas Aquinas' five ways of proving God's existence
Source:  http://philosophy.lander.edu/intro/aquinas.shtml

An Atheist perspective. Bertrand Russell's "Why I am Not a Christian". See the sections starting "The Existence of God" through "The Argument for the Remedying of Injustice
Source:  http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/russell0.htm

Quotations, Etymology, History, Beliefs of Agnostics
Source:  http://www.religioustolerance.org/agnostic1.htm

The Unit 3 lecture includes a discussion of the problem of evil and some proposed solutions. Even though we were presented with a number of proposed solutions, many people still find the contradiction between God’s goodness and the presence of evil insurmountable. But is it?

To better understand the source of this philosophical problem, we should take a closer look at answers to the following questions from the perspective of the world’s religions.

1. Do humans have free will?

2. Are we as human beings individually responsible for our bad behavior?

3. Are human beings essentially evil? Are we essentially good?

4. What is evil? What makes something evil?

 

For this discussion, please research the answers to the above questions from the perspective of at least two religions. How do the religions compare on the problem of evil? Is it a problem at all?
Please be sure to cite at least one scholarly source to develop a strong argument.

 

 

Assignment:
This assignment concerns the opposing views of W.T. Clifford and William James about the attitude we ought to take towards religious belief.  The readings are the first two essays in the online book found at:
      
http://ajburger.homestead.com/files/book.htm

Essay 1:  The Ethics of Belief
 
Begin by reading Part I of Clifford's "The Ethics of Belief" by W.T Clifford. Write a 200-300 word essay that describes his attitude towards belief. Be sure to address the following issues:
 
1. Why does Clifford say what we believe is not merely a private matter, but a moral issue?
2. What is morally permissible for us to believe?
3. What implications does his view have for religious faith? Before answering this question, you may want to look at the last few lines of Part III that begin with "To sum up." 

Use examples where appropriate in your discussion.

 

 

Essay 2:  The Will to Believe.
 
The second essay, "The Will to Believe," contains William James' response to Clifford. 
   
You are to write 200-300 words explaining James' response to Clifford's position. Be sure to include the following:
 
1. Explain James classification of hypotheses as alive or dead and the types of options used in deciding between alternative hypotheses.
2. Explain why James does not believe it is rational to suspend belief about the existence of God and like religious matters?
3. What does James say about the practicality of Clifford's claims pertaining to what we are permitted to believe?

Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/20/2015 08:00 pm
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