Latin America History
ID Terms (4x5 points each = 20 points): In two or three complete sentences, identify the following terms (who, what, when) and explain their larger significance in the course.
Haitian Revolution Científicos José Vasconcelos
Tupac Amaru II Pancho Villa José Clemente Orozco
Liberalism Emiliano Zapata Guatemala, 1954
Export-led Economics Francisco Madero Moncada Barracks
Simón Bolívar Mexican Muralists Ernesto “Che” Guevara
Porfirio Díaz Diego Rivera Fidel Castro
Guerrilla Warfare José Martí Platt Amendment
Lázaro Cárdenas Ejidos 1917 Mexican Constitution
Bay of Pigs Cuban Missile Crisis Operation “Pedro Pan”
Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX)
Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) Mariel Boatlift
Committees for the Defense of the Revolution (CDRs)
Short Answer (2x15 points each = 30 points): In a concise paragraph, answer two the following three questions, referencing course readings and lectures if necessary.
• How did the Mexican Muralist movement reinforce the ideals of the Mexican Revolution? In your answer, discuss at least one prominent artist and the relationship between his/her work and political ideas.
• Many scholars characterize nineteenth-century independence in South America as incomplete and fundamentally conservative. Why is this the case? How are twentieth century social revolutions connected (or not) to this history?
• How can the Cuban Revolution be understood from the standpoint of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union? How did this international context influence the direction and ideology of the Cuban state?
Essay (50 points): In a well-organized essay, respond directly to the prompt and provide specific evidence from the course readings to support your claims. Make sure that you have an argument, an introduction, and a conclusion.
Prompt: In what ways was the national park system in Mexico “revolutionary?” How did state-led changes in the Mexican landscape include or exclude new social classes? In your answer, use specific examples from Emily Wakild’s book Revolutionary Parks, and make sure to give an overview of Cárdenas’ agrarian policy and the creation of ejidos.
|Due By (Pacific Time)
||10/19/2015 08:00 pm