Project #88000 - Lifespan Development

Writing the Final Paper

The Final Paper:

  1. Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages), and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  2. Must include a title page with the following:
    1. Title of paper
    2. Student’s name
    3. Course name and number
    4. Instructor’s name
    5. Date submitted
  3. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
    1. You may use the introduction you developed during the Week Four assignment or a revised version if changes are deemed necessary.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
    1. Conclude with an answer to the selected question. Did the evidence you surveyed answer the question satisfactorily?
    2. Include an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the available evidence.
    3. Illustrate how each source fits specific sections of your Final Paper. The goal is to demonstrate that supporting evidence exists for statements that are made in the paper.  
    4. If possible, suggest the course that future research should take if answers to the selected question are deemed less than conclusive.
  6. Must use at least five scholarly sources, all of which must come from the Ashford University Library or Google Scholar.
  7. Must summarize each article including the purpose of the investigation, its methodology, and results.
    1. Rely on the brief summaries of the articles (including the purpose of each investigation, its methodology and results) that you developed during Week Four to construct an organized summary of the scientific evidence that answers the question you selected.  
    2. If possible, select peer-reviewed articles that summarize the evidence available in a given field of study (e.g., meta-analysis combines the findings of different studies to uncover trends, commonalities and differences).
    3. Order the articles in the way you think you will discuss them in your paper. Then develop a summary of the scientific evidence that answers the question you selected.
    4. You may reference your textbook and other required materials from the course; however, these will not fulfill the resource requirement.
  8. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  9. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
    1. You may use the reference section you developed in the Week Four assignment as the final page of the paper.

THIS IS THE OUTLINE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To what Extent are the lives of Adolescents and Young Adults Shaped by Parental and Peer Influences?

Gwendolyn Miller

PSY304: Lifespan Development (COE1538B)

Instructor Reed

October 12,  2015


To what Extent are the Lives of Adolescents and Young Adults Shaped by Parental and Peer Influences?

 

  1. Adolescence, prepares young people for adult roles and responsibilities (Okigbo, Kabiru, Mumah, Mojola, & Beguy, 2015).  There are many things and individuals that has an influence on adolescents and young adults. Influences can be either positive or negative. Peer influence starts at an early age and increases with time, it also is the reason behind adolescents’ appearance (Yoo, 2009). Parents and peers influence behaviors, thinking, and even the mood of adolescents and young adults.

  2. Parents affect and influence adolescents and young adults. Support from or lack thereof, can alter the mood, thinking and behavior of adolescents. There are mood disorders that could be affected, either in a positive or negative way, depending on the situation.

 

  1. Anderson, S. F., Salk, R. H., & Hyde, J. S. (2015). Stress in romantic relationships and adolescent depressive symptoms: Influence of parental support. Journal Of Family Psychology, 29(3), 339-348. doi:10.1037/fam0000089

 

  1. “Parental support may play a critical role in exacerbating or buffering the effect of romantic stress on depressive symptoms in adolescents” (Anderson, Salk, & Hyde, 2015).

 

  1. The question is whether or not parental influences have an effect on adolescents and young adults’ lives, such as, behavior, thinking and mood. These influences that the parents have on the adolescent could be either good or bad.
    1. This study will be valid for this topic. The researcher tested whether the support from parents could decrease adolescents from the negative effects.

  2. If the parents can decrease the negative effects that adolescents experience during depressive symptoms, this is proving that parents can shape adolescents in areas, such as their mood.

 

  1. Peers are an important factor in the development, behaviors, and other aspects of adolescents and young adults’ lives.

 

  1. Ramirez, R., Hinman, A., Sterling, S., Weisner, C., & Campbell, C. (2012). Peer Influences on Adolescent Alcohol and Other Drug Use Outcomes. Journal Of Nursing Scholarship, 44(1), 36-44 9p. doi:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2011.01437.x

 

  1. Friends are important to adolescents as they mature and it increases overtime (Ramirez, Hinman, Sterling, Weisner, & Campbell, 2012).

 

  1. This study showed how the number of friends that adolescents have, can influence different behaviors (drug and alcohol use). It also explains how peers could influence the adolescent to stop a delinquent behavior.

  2. From the results of the study, it shows how peers can influence certain behaviors in adolescents. All behaviors are not always bad. Yes, peers influence drinking and drug use, but they can also be essential in the treatment process.

 

  1.  

    Although peer influence may become more critical during adolescence, family and peer influences remain closely interrelated (Ramirez, Hinman, Sterling, Weisner, & Campbell, 2012). Parents are one of the first influences to adolescents. Peers are the second influences in their lives. Both affect adolescents’ behavior, thinking and mood.

     


References

 

Anderson, S. F., Salk, R. H., & Hyde, J. S. (2015). Stress in romantic relationships and adolescent depressive symptoms: Influence of parental support. Journal Of Family Psychology, 29(3), 339-348. doi:10.1037/fam0000089

 

Okigbo, C. C., Kabiru, C. W., Mumah, J. N., Mojola, S. A., & Beguy, D. (2015). Influence of parental factors on adolescents' transition to first sexual intercourse in Nairobi, Kenya: a longitudinal study. Reproductive Health, 12(1), 1-12. doi:10.1186/s12978-015-0069-9

 

 Ramirez, R., Hinman, A., Sterling, S., Weisner, C., & Campbell, C. (2012). Peer Influences on Adolescent Alcohol and Other Drug Use Outcomes. Journal Of Nursing Scholarship, 44(1), 36-44 9p. doi:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2011.01437.x

 

 Yoo, J. (2009). Peer influence on adolescent boys' appearance management behaviors. Adolescence, 44(176), 1017-1031 15p.

 

 

 

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