Project #88662 - Ethics and Morals in Criminal Justice

Module 3:  Theories of Ethics: Consequentialism, Regularianism, Deontology, and Virtue Ethics​

 

Objectives

 

➢ DEVELOP an understanding and an application of utilitarianism as a theory of ethics
➢ COMPARE AND CONTRAST the efficacy of hedonism vs. non-hedonism, relativism vs. absolutism, subjectivist vs. objectivism, and determinism vs. free will in ethical decision-making.
➢ OUTLINE the advantages and shortcomings of regularianism.
➢ DESCRIBE the types of rules that govern in regulariansim as a theory of ethics
➢ OUTLINE the advantages and shortcomings of deontology.
➢ IDENTIFY the types of duties that govern in a duty-based theory of ethics
➢ DEMONSTRATE virtue theory in its practical application
➢ SKETCH virtue as a function of the Golden Mean
➢ DEFINE AND APPLY the Aristotlean concept of integrity 
➢ OUTLINE the four conditions under which someone is accountable for moral decision making under virtue theory
➢ SHOW how virtue theory helps to overcome the difficulties of utilitarianism, deontology, and regularianism

 

Lessons and Assignment

 

➢ Read Chapters 3 (Consequentialism), 4 (Regularianism), 5 (Deontology), and 6 (Virtue Ethics) of the text. 
➢ Review all posted lecture notes and power point presentations in this module

 

Note: An overarching claim by Dreisbach in Chapter 6 is that Aristotle’s virtue theory effectively overcomes the deficiencies of utilitarianism, regularianism, and deontology in solving moral dilemmas. 

 

You should develop a power point presentation that answers the questions that follow this scenario: 

 

You're in your car at night on a poorly lit road. The car ahead of you appears to strike a lone pedestrian walking close to the side of the road.  The car speeds off without stopping. You immediately stop to help the injured man, dragging him off to the side of the road afraid he will be hit again in the darkness. As it turns out later, however, your movement of the victim caused him permanent paralysis. Had you not moved him, he would not have suffered paralysis.

 

 

 

Power Point Presentation Structure & Rubric (Required)

 

Slide 1: Must include each of the four elements below.  (Power point presentations missing any of these elements will be returned and corrected before graded.)

 
 

 

Slide 2: What would the utilitarian have done in this case and why?  (5 points) What are the reasonable problems or objections to this approach? (4 points)

• Good to Excellent—Provides clear/accurate description of utilitarian’s actions and explains why.  Gives at least two reasonable objections= 6-9 points
• Satisfactory—Provides clear/accurate description of utilitarian’s actions but fails to explain why. Gives at least one objection= 3-5 points
• Developing—Fails to provide clear/accurate description of utilitarian’s actions, explanation or any reasonable objections= < 3 points

 

Slide 3: What would the regularian have done in this case and why? (5 points) What are the problems or objections? (4 points)

• Good to Excellent—Provides clear/accurate description of the regularian’s actions and explains why.  Gives at least two reasonable objections= 6-9 points
• Satisfactory—Provides clear/accurate description of regularian’s actions but fails to explain why. Gives at least one objection= 3-5 points
• Developing—Fails to provide clear/accurate description of regularian’s actions, explanation or any reasonable objections= < 3 points

 

Slide 4: What would the deontologist have done in this case and why?  (5 points) What are the problems or objections? (4 points)

• Good to Excellent—Provides clear/accurate description of deontologist’s actions and explains why.  Gives at least two reasonable objections= 6-9 points
• Satisfactory—Provides clear/accurate description of deontologist’s actions but fails to explain why. Gives at least one objection= 3-5 points
• Developing—Fails to provide clear/accurate description of deontologist’s actions, explanation or any reasonable objections= < 3 points

 

Slide 5: What is virtue, according to Aristotle? (9 points—all or nothing) 

 

Slide 6: What is the Golden Mean? (9 points—all or nothing)

 

Slide 7: What is integrity? (9 points—all or nothing)

 

Slide 8: Aristotle argues that people are responsible for their moral decisions if and only if (iff) four conditions obtain?  What are they? (8 points)

• Excellent—Outlines all four conditions= 8 points
• Good—Outlines at least three conditions= 6-7 points
• Satisfactory—Outlines at least two conditions= 4-5 points
• Developing—Fails to outline at least two conditions= 0-2 points

 

Slide 9: What would a virtue theorist have done in this the scenario and why? (9 points)

• Good to Excellent—Provides clear/accurate description of virtue theorist’s actions and explains why. 6-9 points
• Satisfactory—Provides clear/accurate description of virtue theorist’s actions but fails to explain why. 3-5 points
• Developing—Fails to provide clear/accurate description of virtue theorist’s actions or an explanation for his/her actions.  < 3 points

 

Slide 10: How does virtue theory help to overcome the objections of utilitarianism (3 points), deontology (3 points), and regularianism (3 points) in this scenario? 

• Good to Excellent—Gives at least on way in which virtue theory overcomes each of the three theories= 6-9 points
• Satisfactory—Gives at least on way in which virtue theory overcomes at least two theories= 4-6 points
• Developing—Fails to give at least one way virtue theory overcomes at least one theory= 0-3 points

 

This assignment carries a maximum score of 80 points distributed as follows:

Excellent—72-80 points

Good—64-71 points

Satisfactory—48-63 points

Developing: < 48 points

 

Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/28/2015 04:00 pm
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