Project #88710 - Jazz Test

Test 2 Chapters 4, 5 and 6

 

1. Prohibition signaled a lull in ability of jazz musicians to find work until its eventual repeal.

 True
 False

 

2.

One of the benefits of the shift to electric broadcast technology from acoustic technology was a dramatic improvement in the recording of music.

 True
 False

 

3.

One of the benefits of the microphone was that it allowed singers to sing more intimately (or croon) without having to belt out their songs in full voice.

 True
 False

 

4.

The chorus-oriented form meant that, except for musical theater, verses were all but scrapped, and a song consisted primarily of several statements of the chorus.

 True
 False

 

5.

The years between World War I and World War II are called the modern era.

 True
 False

 

6.

In the early acoustic recordings the performers played directly into microphones without the aid of amplifiers.

 True
 False

 

7.

The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment made the production and purchase of alcohol illegal.

 True
 False

 

8.

Speakeasies were havens for the conservative elite who reacted against the frenetic music of the 1920s.

 True
 False

 

9.

Most popular songs before 1910 had used dance rhythms but were not sung as music for social dancing.

 True
 False

 

10.

The intimate crooning of Bing Crosby, or the jazz-inflected vocals of Louis Armstrong, would not have succeeded in live performance without the technological innovation of electric broadcasting equipment (microphones and amplifiers).

 True
 False

 

11.

One of the choices available to experience live music in 1929 that was not available ten years before was:

a.

none of these choices.

 

b.

all of these choices.

 

c.

paying to see a vaudeville show.

 

d.

purchasing an acoustic recording (record).

 

e.

tuning in to a live radio broadcast.

 

12.

The star of the first "talking" film, The Jazz Singer, was singer and actor:

a.

Al Jolson.

 

b.

Louis Armstrong.

 

c.

Bing Crosby.

 

d.

Joe "King" Oliver.

 

13.

For the first half of the 20th century, which of the following best describes a phonograph record?

a.

10 inches across that played at 78 r.p.m.'s (revolutions per minute).

 

b.

5 inches across that played at 16 3/4 r.p.m.'s.

 

c.

12 inches across that played at 33 1/3 r.p.m.'s.

 

d.

7 inches across that played at 45 r.p.m.'s.

 

14.

Louis Armstrong was not only influential as a jazz trumpet player, but his contemporaries also found him to be very influential as a:

a.

drummer.

 

b.

saxophonist.

 

c.

clarinetist.

 

d.

vocalist.

 

15.

Bing Crosby is known as an innovator in which of the following areas?

a.

He perfected the stride piano style that had people dancing to the Charleston.

 

b.

He perfected the art of orchestrating what would become known as "symphonic jazz."

 

c.

He perfected how to use the microphone to sing in a style that was conversational.

 

d.

As the man who was the most visible jazz bandleader of his day, he became known as "the King of Jazz."

 

16.

Prohibition refers to the 18th Amendment, which:

a.

prohibited the consumption (but not the sale) of alcoholic beverages until it was repealed.

 

b.

prohibited women from dancing "animal dances" in places open to the general public until it was repealed.

 

c.

prohibited women from voting until it was repealed in 1930.

 

d.

prohibited the sale of alcoholic beverages until its repeal.

 

17.

Which of the following statements is not true about Billie Holiday?

a.

She reshaped the melodies and timing in her interpretation of a song.

 

b.

She began her career at the Cotton Club in Harlem.

 

c.

She made popular singing more autobiographical.

 

d.

She brought blues style and blues feeling into the singing of popular songs.

 

18.

Although the specific instruments of what comprises a rhythm section has changed over the years, the basic instrumentation can still be described as having:

a.

a chord instrument, a bass instrument, and a percussion instrument.

 

b.

a piano, a trumpet, and a vocalist.

 

c.

a horn section, a string section, and a percussion section.

 

d.

a horn instrument, a bass instrument, and a string instrument.

 

19.

The Hot Fives and Hot Sevens were small band combos led by:

a.

George Gershwin.

 

b.

Paul Whiteman.

 

c.

Bing Crosby.

 

d.

Louis Armstrong.

 

20.

In this kind of song, the primary interest is not in the flow and contour of its melody:

a.

pop song.

 

b.

rhythm song.

 

c.

torch song.

 

d.

blues song.

 

 

21.

Although swing was the dominant form of music between the 30s and 40s, sweet music was to define the age.

 True
 False

 

22.

Although one of the lesser known figures by mainstream America, Fletcher Henderson is the man most responsible for shaping the sound of big band swing.

 True
 False

 

23.

According to the textbook author, it might be accurate to describe "sweet music" as a toned down fox trot.

 True
 False

 

24.

"Chattanooga Choo Choo" was a major hit for the Benny Goodman Orchestra, whose band easily moved between swing and sweet styles.

 True
 False

 

25.

A gold record is an award representing 500,000 unit sales of a recording.

 True
 False

 

26.

Swing music ultimately served to keep jazz apart from the mainstream of American music, and moved it closer to the realm of American "art music."

 True
 False

 

27.

Duke Ellington is universally revered as jazz's greatest composer, with some authoritative commentators also calling him America's greatest composer as well.

 True
 False

 

28.

Fletcher Henderson is known as the king of swing.

 True
 False

 

29.

Swing as popular music was usually instrumental.

 True
 False

 

30.

Glenn Miller joined the army in order to entertain soldiers

 True
 False

 

31.

The great singing and dancing team that appeared in the film Top Hat was:

a.

Fred and Adele Astaire.

 

b.

Vernon and Irene Castle.

 

c.

Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers.

 

d.

Marge and Gower Champion.

 

32.

Between 1930 and 1940, big band changed in which of the following ways?

a.

all of these choices

 

b.

persistent time keeping of rhythm section

 

c.

increased use of shorter, often repeated riffs

 

d.

rhythm section instrumentation

 

33.

Charlie Christian was the first:

a.

musician to play bebop.

 

b.

black man to play in an integrated band.

 

c.

jazz musician to die of tuberculosis.

 

d.

major jazz musician to play the electric guitar.

 

34.

The distinct sound of Ellington's music came from his use of:

a.

dynamics, register and pacing.

 

b.

musicians with unique timbres.

 

c.

unusual harmonies.

 

d.

all of these choices.

 

35.

Who composed "Ko-Ko"?

a.

Benny Goodman

 

b.

Glenn Miller

 

c.

Duke Ellington

 

d.

Count Basie

 

36.

The minimum size for a swing-era big band was:

a.

18.

 

b.

15.

 

c.

20.

 

d.

12.

 

37.

Which of the following best describes a "swing" rhythm?

a.

Syncopation over a four-beat rhythm.

 

b.

Syncopation over a two-beat rhythm.

 

c.

No syncopation over a two-beat rhythm.

 

d.

No syncopation over a four-beat rhythm.

 

38.

What technique did Duke Ellington use to propel his music?

a.

Large contrasts in dynamics.

 

b.

Acceleration of tempo.

 

c.

Long improvised solos.

 

d.

Compression of the exchange rhythm.

 

39.

According to the author, which two events marked the beginning and end of the swing era?

a.

The beginning of World War I and the end of World War II.

 

b.

The dawn of radio and the rise of musical performances in film.

 

c.

Goodman's show at the Palomar and the death of Glen Miller.

 

d.

Fletcher Henderson's first band and Ellington's death.

 

40.

During the 1930s, the standard instrumentation for a jazz or swing big band was:

a.

strings, horns, and rhythm section.

 

b.

strings and percussion.

 

c.

vocals, horns, strings, and rhythm section.

 

d.

horns and rhythm section.

 

 

.

 

41. Huddie Ledbetter (Leadbelly) specialized in ballads.

 True
 False

 

42.

 

Black gospel music is a blend of the black spiritual, blues, swing, and jazz.

 True
 False

 

43.

 

Early female gospel singers sang capella.

 True
 False

 

44.

 

According to the text, the Carter Family and Roy Rodgers represented two opposite, yet coexisting, values in white southern culture.

 True
 False

 

 

 

 

 

45.

 

One of the most famous songs of the Carter Family, "Wildwood Flower," was initially a parlor song composed in the 19thcentury.

 True
 False

 

 

 

46.

 

The first singing cowboy in film was Roy Rodgers.

 True
 False

 

47.

 

Woody Guthrie's songs dealt with romantic representations of home and family.

 True
 False

 

48.

 

A country rock beat is a merging of honky-tonk beat with rock rhythm.

 True
 False

 

 

 

 


49.

 

Collective improvisation is a characteristic found in both jazz and bluegrass music.

 True
 False

 

50.

 

The Hokum Brothers played good-time blues.

 True
 False

 

 

 

 

51.

 

 

 

The father of black gospel music was:

a.

Thomas Dorsey.

 

b.

Ray Charles.

 

c.

Jimmie Rodgers.

 

d.

Woody Guthrie.

 

 

 

 

 

 


52.

 

The following Robert Johnson song was covered by the Rolling Stones:

a.

"Roll 'em Pete."

 

b.

"Hellhound on My Trail."

 

c.

"It's Tight Like That."

 

d.

"Love in Vain."

 

53.

 

Originally, boogie-woogie music was:

a.

performed in Chicago speakeasies.

 

b.

exclusively a solo guitar style.

 

c.

slow and melodious.

 

d.

an exuberant blues piano style.

 

54.

 

The "Gospel Highway" was:

a.

the name of a highway in rural Tennessee.

 

b.

a song by Thomas Dorsey.

 

c.

a name given to the idea of the road to salvation.

 

d.

a series of black southern churches at which performers played.

 

 

55.

 

Who put the swing in country?

a.

Roy Rodgers

 

b.

Bob Wills

 

c.

Gene Autry

 

d.

Bob Dylan

 

56.

 

The dobro is:

a.

a working class bar.

 

b.

a guitar with a built in steel resonator.

 

c.

an West African healer and musician.

 

d.

a call-and-response pattern.

 

57.

 

The powerfully expressive sound of early Delta or "deep" blues was in part due to:

a.

the convergence of white and black culture in northern urban centers.

 

b.

the isolation of black Americans in the rural south.

 

c.

a revolution in guitar amplification technology.

 

d.

the influence of white bluegrass musicians on early bluesmen.

 

58.

 

The name for the West African precedent for the African American bluesman is:

a.

griot.

 

b.

dobro.

 

c.

songster.

 

d.

mojo.

 

59.

 

Aretha Franklin was most influenced by which of the following singers?

a.

Shirley Caesar

 

b.

Clara Ward

 

c.

Mahalia Jackson

 

d.

Bessie Smith

 

 

 


60.

 

Of the music styles covered in this chapter (gospel, folk, country and blues), why was country music the most popular between 1925 and 1950?

a.

People could best relate to the themes in country music.

 

b.

Country musicians exhibited greater instrumental mastery.

 

c.

Country was most similar to the musical tastes of the swing era.

 

d.

Country musicians had the most access to the media.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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