Project #90029 - International Management Discussion Responces

Please answer 4 question with responces ApA FORMAT no cover sheet just in text citation with scholarly references


Sources of motivation differ in various cultures around the world.  In the United States, for instance, monetary compensation is obviously a significant motivator for many employees.  However, there is also the internal motivation that comes from wanting to "do your best", as many of us are taught in school.  This expectation for excellence is even more prevalent in Asian societies in which parents often almost demand that their children succeed, and rarely accept anything less than their best.  This could be contrasted with the country my research project focused on, Peru, or most other Latin American countries as well.  In those cultures, relationships are the priority and incomes or accolades are less important.  Grades in school or the prestige of the university attended, for instance, are not as much of a concern for Latin American cultures as they may be for some Asian cultures.

In any of these cases, the key issue and major challenge for an international manager to confront is to identify the cultural source of their employees motivation.  Are they motivated purely by economic gain?  Are they intrinsically motivated by a desire to succeed?  Are they motivated by a desire to provide for their family?  Whatever their motivation may be, a good manager should identify that source and capitalize on it by encouraging his or her employees to perform at the highest level possible.

This fundamental aspect will remain true as the digital age continues to influence our business practices.  The difficult part will be that manager will have to learn many more cultures and sources of motivation.  Rather than acting as an expatriate assigned to a particular country, the digital age and the continued globalization of our economies will mean that international managers may be working with a wide array of differing cultural and national backgrounds.  The ease with which individuals across the globe can communicate and collaborate will mean that widely differing backgrounds and opinions will need to work together to achieve a common goal.

As Christians, I believe that we should adhere to Colossians 3:23 which implores us to do our best not because we expect a higher salary in return, or because our parents asked us to when we were young, or because we want to provide for our family, but simply because we should work as though we were working for God.  If we all worked in this way, there would be no need for managers to struggle to motivate their employees or find creative ways to reward performance; performance would simply be the norm.

REply 200 word count

2.What are some of the current motivational challenges facing international business managers?

With today's companies they must learn to navigate through the complex global economy, and position themselves to attract and retain the workers they need. The top challenges that are facing organizations is people management, innovation, government regulation, disruptive technological change, environmental issues, slow growth in key markets, geopolitical instability, globalization, business risk management, and supply chain management. The ageing populations globally will continue to pose some pretty big challenges for businesses. Companies will need to anticipate and asses which new skills to train the new older employees. Particularly, with technology where most of the older generation feels a lot less comfortable than the younger colleagues. Preparing the younger generation for the workplace will also present challenges. Finding skilled workers are also going to present some pretty big challenges as well (What's Next: Future Global HR Trends, 2015).

What does current cross-cultural research on motivation suggest?  In Chapter 11 of the text, leadership in a digital world is also discussed. How is this likely to change / develop over the next few years?

Answer: In cross-cultural research motivation is the function of the contest of a person’s work and personal life. This is influenced by cultural variables, which affect the attitudes and behaviors of individuals on the job (p.330). In the Hofstede’s research there is some assumptions about motivation, such as high uncertainty avoidance suggests the need for job security, whereas people with low uncertainty avoidance would probably be motivated by more risky opportunities for variety and fast track opportunities, high power distance suggests motivators in the relationship between subordinates and a boss, high individualism suggests people would be motivated by opportunities for individual advancement and autonomy; collectivism suggests that motivation more likely work through appeals to group goals and support, and high masculinity suggest that most people would be more comfortable with the traditional division of work and roles (p.330). The results based on the research showed that the masculinity dimension were that the higher level of masculinity, the more motivated employees were by being given the opportunities for high pay, personal accomplishment, and job advancement (p.330-331). Misjudging the importance of the cultural variables in the workplace may result not only in a failure to motivate but also in demotivation. When looking at what motivates people, businesses must understand what motivates people, understand their needs, goals, value systems, and expectations. People are driven to fulfill needs and to achieve goals. The things that motivates people are having meaning to work, a needed income, interest and satisfaction, contact with others, a way to serve society, a means of keeping occupied, and status and prestige (p.332).

As Christian business professionals, what faith implications are relevant to this topic?

Answer: When looking into work, faith, and what God wants of us he wants honest hard work, and this is what he seeks from every one of us. God tells us that working hard, but with faith in mind, can actually lead us to great things that he has in store for each and every one of us. My personal favorite verse is in Colossians 3:23 it says, "Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for men." (NIV). This is what everyone should be motivated by, and when we work we should do so for him, and do so with honesty that is what will truly lead us to greater things.


Deresky, H. (2014). International management: Managing across borders and cultures (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

 What's Next: Future Global HR Trends. (2015). Retrieved from SHRM Foundation:



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 Faith Lessons:

Doing this research project I have been reminded that God created us all equal.  We are all born and we all die.  He created us in his likeness.  In researching on opening my own Hospice in China I am reminded of the diverse creations God has on this earth.  He wants us all to act in peace in accordance to what His will is for us.  I truly believe that His will for business leaders is to treat one another as we would want to be treated.  Here in America I see the hospice movement growing and being a great benefit to patients and their caregivers.  I would like to see this same ministry business grow in China. 

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Subject Business
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/30/2015 12:00 am
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