Project #90128 - Ethics and Moral in Criminal Justice

 

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Question 1 (5 points)

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According to Aristotle, the virtue or Golden Mean between cowardice and fool-hardiness is
 
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Question 2 (5 points)

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The virtue or Golden Mean, according to Aristotle, between consuming too little and consuming too much is
 
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Question 3 (5 points)

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_____________________ is the virtue or Golden Mean between giving one less than what is due and giving one more than what is due.
 
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Question 4 (5 points)

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_______________________is the Golden Mean between lying and unnecessary candor.
 
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Question 5 (5 points)

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The Golden Mean between betrayal and obsequiousness is
 
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Question 6 (5 points)

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Between “acting on insufficient knowledge” and “failing to act on sufficient knowledge” is the virtue or Golden Mean of
 
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Question 7 (5 points)

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The goal of utilitarianism is to
 
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Question 8 (5 points)

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For the ___________, the means to ethical or moral behavior is to maximize pleasure or minimize pain for the greatest number.
 
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Question 9 (5 points)

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In judging ethical behavior, the _____________ weighs the consequences of his decision equally and impartially toward himself and others; individual motivation behind the decision is not relevant, only the outcome.
 
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Question 10 (5 points)

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As a means of becoming moral, the _______________ pursues the golden mean between deficiency and excess.
 
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Question 11 (5 points)

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For the ________________ the means of becoming moral is to apply the categorical imperative to all decisions that may reflect moral or immoral content.
 
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Question 12 (5 points)

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In judging moral conduct, the ________________ assesses actions according to whether the decision or action comports with a divine command, law, or professional code of ethics.
 
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Question 13 (5 points)

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By doing just acts consistently and over time, the “just man” is produced. Who advocated this means for acting morally?
 
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Question 14 (5 points)

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In assessing moral conduct, the _______________ would maintain that good conduct can NOT be prescribed and that individual acts can NOT be judged unless they come from a firm and unchangeable character
 
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Question 15 (5 points)

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One formulation of the categorical imperative is that
 
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Question 16 (5 points)

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The trouble with the utilitarian theory is that
 
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Question 17 (5 points)

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The conditions under which Aristotle says a person can be held morally responsible for his/her decision exclude which of the following. The person
 
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Question 18 (5 points)

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Aristotle claimed which of the following does NOT apply to virtue?
 
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Question 19 (5 points)

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A moral decision, to be just, “should be made on the basis maximizing the pleasure or minimizing the pain for the greatest number of people affected by the decision.” This is called
 
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Question 20 (5 points)

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Which is an advantage of consequentialism?
 
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Question 21 (5 points)

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“The morally relevant consequences are the consequences that work out best for me.” This is known as:
 
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Question 22 (5 points)

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_______________________ is the view that an act is morally good if its consequences are good.
 
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Question 23 (5 points)

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The belief that rules should be established that determine in advance of what acts would reap the greatest good for the greatest number is called________________.
 
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Question 24 (5 points)

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The claim that human beings are by nature egoists and cannot be otherwise is called __________________________.
 
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Question 25 (5 points)

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The notion that while one can choose not to be an egoist, one should always act in one’s own interest is called:
 
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Question 26 (5 points)

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The position that the morality of an act, in terms of the greatest good or least harm for the greatest number, should be determined on a case by case basis is called__________________________.
 
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Question 27 (5 points)

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The observation that an act is morally good if it causes pleasure and morally bad if it causes pain is called___________________________.
 
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Question 28 (5 points)

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The general view that an act’s moral value does not depend on whether the act causes pleasure or pain is called_____________________________.
 
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Question 29 (5 points)

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The contention that an act is morally good only in the context of a time, place, or culture is called_______________________________.
 
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Question 30 (5 points)

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The statement that some acts are always morally good or always morally bad is called __________________.
 
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Question 31 (5 points)

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The view that the moral value of an act is in the mind of the person judging the act is called ______________________________.
 
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Question 32 (5 points)

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The declaration that the moral value of an act is in the act itself is called ______________.
 
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Question 33 (5 points)

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Some argue that all human acts result from some antecedent cause other than free will. This view is called ___________________________.
 
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Question 34 (5 points)

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One who believes in ___________________believes that at least sometimes we act when we could have chosen to act otherwise.
 
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Question 35 (5 points)

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An argument for ____________________ is as follows: There are no moral absolutes; Morality exists; Relative is the contradictory of the absolute; Therefore all morality is relative.
 
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Question 36 (5 points)

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Which of the theories below makes this argument?
What is morally good obeys natural law.
Natural law arises from the will of God.
The will of God is absolute.
Therefore, what is morally good is absolute.
 
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Question 37 (5 points)

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The advantage of regularianism is that it
 
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Question 38 (5 points)

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A disadvantage of rule-based ethics is that:
 
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Question 39 (5 points)

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Deontological ethics has what advantage?
 
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Question 40 (5 points)

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Duty-based ethics have what disadvantage?
 
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Subject Philosophy
Due By (Pacific Time) 10/30/2015 09:00 am
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