Project #97983 - Safety Management

1.  What is a System?

 

a.       Group of interconnected elements that united to form a single entity.

b.      May be a simple as a toaster or as complex as a chemical refinery.

c.       Can be and are often further divided into subsystems

d.      All of the above

e.       None of the above

 

2.  Which of the different elements are typically found to compose system safety?

 

a.       Assemblies & subassemblies

b.      Components

c.       Subsystems & stand-alone system

d.      All of the above

e.       None of the above

 

3.  How has Systems Safety developed?

 

a.       Gained more formal acceptance as part of the ballistic missile systems.

b.      Had initially come about as a way to design safety into airplanes.

c.       When the USAF required Systems Safety for all its military contractors.

d.      After NASA patterned a program after Air Force Standards.

e.       All of the above.

f.       None of the above.

 

4.  Describe the importance that systems safety has today.

 

a.       Society has become more technically advanced &  its tools have become more sophisticated.

b.      Machines have advanced further than the human capacity to control it.

c.       Need to be aware of the limits of human performance.

d.      Fallibility of the individual in a mechanized system.

e.       Product liability is a major concern for many companies.

f.       All of the above.

g.      None of the above.

ENGR – 4330  Systems Safety Management

 

5.  Identify the elements of the systems life cycle.

 

Phase                                       Safety Control Point                           Result

Concept

 

 

Definition

 

 

Development

 

 

Production

 

 

Deployment

 

 

Disposition / Termination

 

 

 

6.  Explain how a system safety program is managed as an element of program management which ensures accomplishment of the systems safety tasks.

 

a.       Identify system safety requirements.

b.      Coordinating with other system program elements.

c.       Planning, organizing and controlling efforts towards achieving safety goals.

d.      Analyzing, reviewing, & evaluating the program to ensure effective and timely realization of system safety objectives.

 

7.  What are the elements necessary for an effective Systems Safety program?

 

a.       Planned Approach for task accomplishment

b.      Qualified people to accomplish the tasks.

c.       Authority to implement the tasks through all level of management.

d.      Appropriate resources for manning and funding to ensure tasks are completed.

e.       All of the above.

f.       None of the above.

 

8. What support is required of management to make Systems Safety effective.

 

a.       The company must identify the types of techniques & tools to be used in analyzing & evaluating system hazards.

b.      Management must take the responsibility for decision making in the process.

c.       It is important to structure the systems safety program so that its impact is clear.

d.      Organizational Interfaces may pose problems, particularly when management does not take the responsibility for decision making.

e.       Process, functional, and system safety groups may be at odds with each other.

f.       All of the above.

g.      None of the above.

 

9.  Complete the following block diagram which illustrates how the Systems Safety functions.  Fill in what should be in the place were “????” are used.

???? Performance

Administrative Plans

Safety Mgmt Comparisons

Reports / Data

 

 

 

 

Corrective Action

 

????

Standards

 

 

 

 

 

10.  At the end of each of the six phases of the system life cycle, what is conducted?

 

a.   A safety review is conducted.

b.   Critiques and debriefing.

c.   Determination as to who was at fault.

d.   Identify those process and functional areas counterproductive.

 

11. At the end of each phase of the system life cycle, what decision is made?

 

a.       Who will be rewarded for efforts.

b.      To decide whether to continue the project

c.       Place the project on hold, pending further examination.

d.      Both B & C

e.       None of the Above.

 

12. What do we call an unplanned event that may or may not have an adverse effect?

 

a.       Accident

b.      Incident

c.       Near-Miss

d.      Close Call

 

13. What do we call a dynamic occurrence caused by the activation of a hazard and consists of a number of interrelated events resulting in a loss?

 

a.       Accident

b.      Incident

c.       Lesson Learned

d.      Failure

 

14.  Which industries have adopted systems safety as a way to generate returns in terms of more effective products, fewer accidents, & longer product life cycles?

 

a.       Nuclear Power

b.      Petroleum Refining

c.       Chemical industries

d.      Pharmauetical

e.       Public Transportation – Rail, Air, and Seaboard

f.       All of the Above.

g.      None of the Above.

 

15. In large companies, the systems safety role may be found at all functional levels of the organization.   (True)  or  (False)

 

16. The bottom line is to ensure that all risks have been determined & those that are unacceptable have been eliminated.  (True)  or  (False)

 

17.  System Safety Analysis is performed in isolation.  (True)  or  (False)

 

18. Who does Systems Safety primarily interface with during the Concept & Definition Phases of a Product Life Cycle?

 

a.       Manufacturing – Engineering

b.      Quality Assurance

c.       Design Group

d.      Training & Development

 

19. In which phase are important interfaces developed for Quality Assurance, Training & Development, Industrial Safety, & Manufacturing – Engineering?

 

a.       Development

b.      Production

c.       Deployment

d.      Termination / Disposition

 

20. During which phase are interfaces to Maintenance and Product Support important?

 

a.       Development

b.      Production

c.       Deployment

d.      Termination / Disposition

 

 

21. In the termination phase, Systems Safety is found to interface with which functional departments?

 

a.       Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, and Product Support

b.      Development, Design, and Production

c.       Quality Assurance, Manufacturing – Engineering, and HR

d.      None of the above

 

22.   In smaller companies, Systems Safety may work as part of each functional department.  (True)  or   (False)

 

23. Accident Investigation is a form of Systems Safety Analysis.  (True)  or  (False)

 

24. What should happen during the Deployment phase when an accident may occur?

 

a.       May result in a redesign to the product.

b.      Could require a retrofit as a remedy.

c.       Warrant a recall of the product or system.

d.      None of the above, rather one should adopt a “wait and see” stance so as to justify whether or not it would be in the best interest to the company to intervene.

e.       A, B, & C Choices

 

25.  Which  phase of the system life cycle does the interface with Manufacturing – Engineering become important?

 

  1. Production
  2. Deployment
  3. Development
  4. Dispostion / Termination

 

 

26. What is Systems Safety?

 

  1. Optimize safety & reduce risks.
  2. Early Identification & Elimination/Control of Hazards/Risks
  3. Risk Management, without total elimination of risk.
  4. Operate within the constraints of operational effectiveness, time, & cost.

 

Part II 

 

Pick two of the following six options listed below and write a short essay explain how you would start to gather what supporting data to perform statistical analysis for a given scenario.  Use for the scenario, that same topic that you made as for your Class Project Presentation.

 

 

Option A –   Conduct a Job Hazard Analysis to identify hazards related to a specific job task.  Utilize OSHA Standards for General Industry for guidance.  Lastly, determine both severity and probability of injury.

 

 

Option B –  Outline how you would conduct an Accident Investigation to determine the root cause of the accident and recommend corrective measures.

 

 

Option C –   Outline how you would conduct a “What-If” and HAZOP Analysis and state how you would address the “5 Whys” on a system to identify potential failure modes

 

 

Option D –   Outline how you would conduct a Fault Tree and Event Tree Analysis to identify potential failure modes.

 

 

Option E –  Outline how you would conduct a Failure Mode and Effect Analysis utilizing other statistical methods to predict system failures, (include Boolean Logic)

 

 

 

Option F – Outline how you would use Decision Tree to Identify Mechanical problems upfront to be used to provide Executive Summary for the severity of the problem.

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